NorphCAM

 

Associate Professor Nick Graves

 

Associate Professor in Health Economics
School of Public Health
Queensland University of Technology


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Nick Graves is an Associate Professor in Health Economics with a joint appointment in the Institute of Biomedical and Health Innovation, School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology and the Centre for Healthcare Related Infection Control and Surveillance, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Australia. His current research programme includes the economics of healthcare acquired infection, the economics of screening for chronic and infectious diseases, cost-effectiveness and health related behaviour for chronic conditions and modelling the relationship between depression and workplace productivity. He is also developing a programme of research that uses Bayesian methods for the synthesis of diverse sources of data that are subsequently used to inform parameters in decision models that address questions about the value of competing investments in health care sector alternatives. He supervises five PhD students, teaches economics to post-graduate students and has made research contributions of international significance publishing in AIDS, Health Economics, Lancet Infectious Diseases, The Journal of Infectious Diseases and Emerging Infectious Diseases.
 

Qualifications


BA
MA
PhD (Economics)

 
 
Publications


Journal articles
Books
Book Chapters

Peer-reviewed journals

Banks M, Graves N, Bauer J, Ash S. The costs arising from pressure ulcers attributable to malnutrition. Clinical Nutrition and e-SPEN Journal. In Press, accepted 5 June 2009.

Barnett A, Batra R, Graves N, Edgeworth J, Cooper B. Estimating the effect of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection on length of stay in an intensive care unit using a longitudinal model. American Journal of Epidemiology. Accepted March 9th 2009.

Halton KA, Cook DA, Whitby M, Paterson DL, Graves N. Cost effectiveness of antimicrobial catheters in the intensive care unit: addressing uncertainty in the decision. Crit Care. 2009 Mar 11;13(2):R35. [Epub ahead of print] Links

Bolz KM, Crawford RW, Donnelly B, Whitehouse SL, Graves N. The Cost-effectiveness of Routine Follow-up After Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2009 Feb 3. [Epub ahead of print] Links

Faddy M, Graves N, and Pettitt A. A Markov model for length of stay in hospital and other right skewed data. Value in Health. 2009 Volume 12. Number 2.

Eakin E, Reeves M, Lawler S, Graves N, Oldenburg B, Del Mar C, Wilke K, Winkler E, Barnett A. Telephone counseling for physical activity and diet in primary care patients. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Feb;36(2):142-9. Epub 2008 Dec 5. Links

Udeh B, Udeh C, Graves N. Perinatal HIV transmission and the cost-effectiveness of screening at 14 weeks gestation, at the onset of labour and the rapid testing of infants. BMC Infect Dis. 2008 Dec 31;8:174.

Graves N, Tong E, Faddy M, Whitby M. Healthcare Infections. A comparison of two methods for attributing length of stay to healthcare-acquired-infection. Healthcare Infection 2008; 13: 111–119.

Rosenthal VD, Maki DG, Mehta A, Alvarez-Moreno C, Leblebicioglu H, Higuera F, Cuellar LE, Madani N, Mitrev Z, Dueñas L, Navoa-Ng JA, Garcell HG, Raka L, Hidalgo RF, Medeiros EA, Kanj SS, Abubakar S, Nercelles P, Pratesi RD; International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium Members.  International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium report, data summary for 2002-2007, issued January 2008. Am J Infect Control. 2008 Nov;36(9):627-37. Epub 2008 Oct 3. PMID: 18834725 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

Bolz K, Ramritu P, Halton K, Cook D, Graves N. management of central venous catheters in adult intensive care units in Australia: policies and practices. Healthcare Infection 2008; 13: 48-55.

Barnett AG, Graves N, Cooper BS, Batra R, Edgeworth JD. Hospitals are dangerous places. Med J Aust. 2008 Dec 1-15;189(11-12):672. PMID: 19061471 [PubMed - in process]

Rosenthal VD, Maki DG, Graves N. The International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC): goals and objectives, description of surveillance methods, and operational activities. Am J Infect Control. 2008 Nov;36(9):e1-12. PMID: 18992646 [PubMed - in process]

Sanderson K, Nicholson J, Graves N, Tilse E, Oldenburg B. Mental health in the workplace: Using the ICF to model the prospective associations between symptoms, activities, participation and environmental factors. Disabil Rehabil. 2008 Feb 7:1-9. [Epub ahead of print]PMID: 18608382

Graves N, McGowan. Nosocomial Infection, the Deficit Reduction Act and Incentives for Hospitals. JAMA. 2008 Oct 1;300(13):1577-9. PMID: 18827214

Clements A, Halton K, Graves N, Pettitt A, Morton A, Looke D, Whitby M. Overcrowding and understaffing in modern healthcare systems: Key determinants in the MRSA pandemic? Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2008 Jul;8(7):427-34. PMID: 18582835

Graves N, Halton K, Doidge S, Clements A, Lairson D, Whitby M. Who bears the cost of healthcare-acquired surgical site infection? J Hosp Infect. 2008 Jun;69(3):274-282 10. PMID: 18550220

Barnett A, Graves N. Competing risks models and time-dependent covariates. Crit Care. 2008 Apr 11;12(2):134. PMID: 18423067  

Ramritu P, Halton K, Cook D, Whitby M, Graves N. Catheter-related bloodstream infections in intensive care units: a systematic review with meta-analysis. J Adv Nurs. 2008 Apr;62(1):3-21. PMID: 18352960

Graves N, Ashby E. The Use of OPAL001 Filtrate and Cream in the Treatment of Chronic Pressure Ulcers. Australian Wound management. 2008 May;16(2):22-29.

Ramritu P, Halton K, Collignon P, Cook D, Fraenkel D, Battistutta D, Whitby M, Graves N. A systematic review comparing the relative effectiveness of antimicrobial-coated catheters in intensive care units. Am J Infect Control. 2008 Mar;36(2):104-17. PMID: 18313512

Eakin EG, Reeves MM, Lawler SP, Oldenburg B, Del Mar C, Wilkie K, Spencer A, Battistutta D, Graves N. The Logan Healthy Living Program: a cluster randomized trial of a telephone-delivered physical activity and dietary behaviour intervention for primary care patients with type 2 diabetes or hypertension from a socially disadvantaged community--rationale, design and recruitment. Contemp Clin Trials. 2008 May;29(3):439-54. Epub 2007 Nov 4. PMID: 18055274

Gordon L, Graves N, Hawkes A, Eakin E. A review of the cost-effectiveness of face-to-face behavioural interventions for smoking, physical activity, diet and alcohol. Chronic Illn. 2007 Jun;3(2):101-29. Review. PMID: 18083667

Graves N, Tong E, Morton AP, Halton K, Curtis M, Lairson D, Whitby M. Factors associated with health care-acquired urinary tract infection. Am J Infect Control. 2007 Aug;35(6):387-92. PMID: 17660009

Halton K, Graves N. Economic evaluation and catheter-related bloodstream infections. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Jun;13(6):815-23. Review. PMID: 17553218

Graves N, Weinhold D, Tong E, Birrell F, Doidge S, Ramritu P, Halton K, Lairson D, Whitby M. Effect of healthcare-acquired infection on length of hospital stay and cost. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2007 Mar;28(3):280-92. Epub 2007 Feb 20. PMID: 17326018

Higuera F, Rangel-Frausto MS, Rosenthal VD, Soto JM, Castañon J, Franco G, Tabal-Galan N, Ruiz J, Duarte P, Graves N. Attributable cost and length of stay for patients with central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infection in Mexico City intensive care units: a prospective, matched analysis. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2007 Jan;28(1):31-5. PMID: 17315338

Graves N, Halton K, Lairson D. Economics and preventing hospital-acquired infection: broadening the perspective. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2007 Feb;28(2):178-84. Epub 2007 Jan 25. PMID: 17265399

Graves N, McKinnon L, Reeves M, Scuffham P, Gordon L, Eakin E. Cost-effectiveness analyses and modelling the lifetime costs and benefits of health-behaviour interventions. Chronic Illn. 2006 Jun;2(2):97-107. PMID: 17175653  

Sanderson K, Tilse E, Nicholson J, Oldenburg B, Graves N. Which presenteeism measures are more sensitive to depression and anxiety? J Affect Disord. 2007 Aug;101(1-3):65-74. Epub 2006 Dec 6. PMID: 17156851

Graves N, Halton K, Curtis M, Doidge S, Lairson D, McLaws M, Whitby M. Costs of surgical site infections that appear after hospital discharge. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006 May;12(5):831-4. PMID: 16704847.

Rosenthal VD, Maki DG, Salomao R, Moreno CA, Mehta Y, Higuera F, Cuellar LE, Arikan OA, Abouqal R, Leblebicioglu H; International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium.  Device-associated nosocomial infections in 55 intensive care units of 8 developing countries. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Oct 17;145(8):582-91. PMID: 17043340 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Gordon LG, Scuffham P, Battistutta D, Graves N, Tweeddale M, Newman B. A cost-effectiveness analysis of two rehabilitation support services for women with breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2005 Nov;94(2):123-33. PMID: 16261411

Graves N, Birrell FA, Whitby M. Modeling the economic losses from pressure ulcers among hospitalized patients in Australia. Wound Repair Regen. 2005 Sep-Oct;13(5):462-7. PMID: 16176454

Graves N, McKinnon L, Leggett B, Newman B. Re-interpreting the data on the cost and effectiveness of population screening for colorectal cancer in Australia. Aust New Zealand Health Policy. 2005 May 18;2:10. PMID: 15904536 [PubMed]

Graves N, Birrell F, Whitby M. Effect of pressure ulcers on length of hospital stay. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2005 Mar;26(3):293-7. PMID: 15796283

Graves N, Weinhold D, Roberts JA. Correcting for bias when estimating the cost of hospital-acquired infection: an analysis of lower respiratory tract infections in non-surgical patients. Health Econ. 2005 Jul;14(7):755-61. PMID: 15678521

Ziegler JB, Graves N. The time to recommend antenatal HIV screening for all pregnant women has arrived. Med J Aust. 2004 Aug 2;181(3):124-5. No abstract available. PMID: 15287826

Curtis M, Graves N, Birrell F, Walker S, Henderson B, Shaw M, Whitby M. A comparison of competing methods for the detection of surgical-site infections in patients undergoing total arthroplasty of the knee, partial and total arthroplasty of hip and femoral or similar vascular bypass. J Hosp Infect. 2004 Jul;57(3):189-93. PMID: 15236846

Graves N. Economics and preventing hospital-acquired infection. Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Apr;10(4):561-6. PMID: 15200842

Graves N, Walker DG, McDonald AM, Kaldor JM, Ziegler JB. Would universal antenatal screening for HIV infection be cost-effective in a setting of very low prevalence? Modelling the data for Australia. J Infect Dis. 2004 Jul 1;190(1):166-74. Epub 2004 May 28. PMID: 15195257

Birrell F, Graves N. Nonrandom selection and the attributable cost of surgical-site infections. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2003 Aug;24(8):556; author reply 556. No abstract available. PMID: 12940571

Graves N, Nicholls TM, Morris AJ. Modeling the costs of hospital-acquired infections in New Zealand. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2003 Mar;24(3):214-23. PMID: 12683515

Bramley D, Graves N, Walker D. The cost effectiveness of universal antenatal screening for HIV in New Zealand. AIDS. 2003 Mar 28;17(5):741-8. PMID: 12646798

Graves N, Nicholls TM, Wong CG, Morris AJ. The prevalence and estimates of the cumulative incidence of hospital-acquired infections among patients admitted to Auckland District Health Board Hospitals in New Zealand. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2003 Jan;24(1):56-61. PMID: 12558237

Graves N, Walker D, Raine R, Hutchings A, Roberts JA. Cost data for individual patients included in clinical studies: no amount of statistical analysis can compensate for inadequate costing methods. Health Econ. 2002 Dec;11(8):735-9. Review. PMID: 12457373

Bramley D, Graves N. Antenatal screening for HIV. N Z Med J. 2002 Jan 25;115(1146):24. No abstract available. PMID: 11936333

Lynch J, Morrison J, Graves N, Meddis D, Drummond MF, Hellewell JS. The health economic implications of treatment with quetiapine: an audit of long-term treatment for patients with chronic schizophrenia. Eur Psychiatry. 2001 Aug;16(5):307-12. PMID: 11514134

Graves N, Plowman R, Roberts JA. The epic project: developing national evidence-based guidelines for preventing healthcare associated infections. J Hosp Infect. 2001 Aug;48(4):320-1. No abstract available. PMID: 11461135

Plowman R, Roberts JA, Graves N, Griffin MA, Cookson B, Taylor L. Adverse events in British hospitals. Hospital acquired infections consume bed days and resources. BMJ. 2001 Jun 9;322(7299):1426; author reply 1427. No abstract available. PMID: 11417560

Plowman R, Graves N, Esquivel J, Roberts JA. An economic model to assess the cost and benefits of the routine use of silver alloy coated urinary catheters to reduce the risk of urinary tract infections in catheterized patients. J Hosp Infect. 2001 May;48(1):33-42. PMID: 11358469

Plowman R, Graves N, Griffin MA, Roberts JA, Swan AV, Cookson B, Taylor L. The rate and cost of hospital-acquired infections occurring in patients admitted to selected specialties of a district general hospital in England and the national burden imposed. J Hosp Infect. 2001 Mar;47(3):198-209. PMID: 11247680

van Haselen RA, Graves N, Dahiha S. The costs of treating rheumatoid arthritis patients with complementary medicine: exploring the issue. Complement Ther Med. 1999 Dec;7(4):217-21. PMID: 10709304

Plowman R, Graves N, Roberts J. Spreading costs. Health Serv J. 1997 Oct 30;107(5577):suppl 7. No abstract available. PMID: 10174941

Graves N. What do we know about complementary medicine? What should we know? J Health Serv Res Policy. 1996 Jul;1(3):169-70. No abstract available. PMID: 10180865

 

Graves N, Ashby E. The Use of OPAL001 Filtrate and Cream in the Treatment of Chronic Pressure Ulcers. Australian Wound management (accepted 5th May 2008)

Graves N, Halton K, Birrell F, D. S, Ramritu P, Lairson D, and Whitby M, Estimating the hospital costs of healthcare-acquired surgical infection and predicting how these costs are distributed between the 'hospital stay' and the 'post discharge' period. JHI (accepted 25th April 2008).

Faddy M, Graves N, and Pettitt A, A Markov model for length of stay in hospital and other right skewed data. Value in Health (accepted 24th April 2008).

Clements A, Halton K, Graves N, Pettitt A, Morton A, Looke D, Whitby M. Overcrowding and understaffing in modern healthcare systems: Key determinants in the MRSA pandemic? Lancet Infectious Diseases. Accepted 3Rd May 2008

Barnett A, Graves N. Competing risks models and time-dependent covariates. Invited Commentary. Critical Care Medicine. Accepted 17 March 2008.

EG Eakin, MM Reeves, SP Lawler, B Oldenburg, C Del Mar, K Wilkie, A Spencer, D Battistutta, N Graves. The Logan Healthy Living Program: A cluster randomized trial of a telephone-delivered physical activity and dietary behaviour intervention for low-income primary care patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension - rationale, design and recruitment. Accepted in Contemporary Clinical Trials.  Accepted 3PrdP Nov 2007.

Halton K, Graves N. Oral Versus IV Treatment for Catheter-related Bloodstream Infections. Cunha BA. Oral versus IV treatment for catheter-related bloodstream infections [letter]. Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Nov; [Epub ahead of print]

Ramritu P, Halton K, Birrell F, Collignon P, Cook D, Fraenkel D, Battistutta D, Whitby N, Lairson D, and Graves N, A review of strategies to prevent central venous catheter-related bloodstream infections in intensive care units. J Adv Nursing, 2008 62(1), 3-21.

Sanderson K, Nicholson J, Graves N, Tilse E, Oldenburg B. Mental health in the workplace: using the ICF to model the prospective associations between symptoms, activities, participation and environmental factors. Accepted 25 July 2007, Disability & Rehabilitation.

Gordon LG, Eakin E, and Graves N, Are behavioural interventions that promote healthy nutrition, physical activity, anti-smoking, and anti-drinking behaviours economically efficient? A systematic review of economic evaluations. In Press Chronic Illness. Accepted 18 June 2007.

Ramritu P, Halton K, Collignon P, Cook D, Fraenkel D, Battistutta D, Whitby N, and Graves N, A systematic review comparing the relative effectiveness of antimicrobial-coated catheters in intensive care units. AJIC, 2008 36(2):103-115.

Graves  N, Tong E, Morton A, Halton K, Curtis M, Lairson D, and Whitby M. Factors associated with healthcare-acquired urinary tract infection. AJIC, 2007 35:3877-392.

Halton K and Graves N. Economics and preventing catheter-related bloodstream infection Emerg Infect Dis, 2007 13:815-823

Sanderson K, Nicholson J, Oldenburg B, Graves N. Which presenteeism measures are more sensitive to depression and anxiety? Journal of Affective Disorders, 2007 101:65-74.

Graves  N, Weinhold D, Birrell F, Doidge S, Ramruti P, Lairson D, and Whitby M, The effect of healthcare-acquired infection on length of hospital stay and cost. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 2007 28(3):280-92.

Graves N, Halton K, Lairson D. Economics and preventing hospital-acquired infection. Broadening the Perspective. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol, 2007 28(2):178-84.

Higuera F, Rangel-Frausto MS, Rosenthal VD, Martinez Soto J, Castañon J, Franco G, Tobal, Ruiz J, Duarte P, and Graves N, The attributable cost, and length of hospital stay of central line associated blood stream infection in intensive care units in Mexico. A prospective, matched analysis. Infect Cont Hosp Epidemiol, 2007 28;31-35.

Graves N, Mckinnon L, Reeves M, Scuffham P, Collins L, and Eakin E. Cost-effectiveness analyses and modelling the lifetime costs and benefits of health behaviour interventions. Chronic Illness, 2006 2;97-107

Graves  N, Halton K, Doidge S, McLaws M, and Whitby M, The economic costs of healthcare-acquired surgical site infections that occur after discharge from hospital. Emerg Infect Dis, 2006. 12(5): p. 831-5.

Graves N, Weinhold D, Roberts JAR. Correcting for bias when estimating the cost of hospital-acquired infection:  an analysis of lower respiratory tract infections in non-Surgical Patients. Health Economics. 2005:14;755-761.

Graves N, Birrell F, Whitby M. Modelling the economic losses from pressure ulcers among hospitalised patients in Australia. Wound Repair and Regeneration. 2005;13:462-467.

Graves N, Birrell F, Whitby M. The effect of pressure ulcers on length of hospital stay. Infect Cont Hosp Epidemiol . 2005;26:293-297. 

Gordon LG, Scuffham P, Battistutta D, Graves N, Tweeddale M, Newman B. A Cost-effectiveness analysis of two rehabilitation support services for women with breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2005 94(2):123-133.

Graves N, McKinnon LC, Leggett B, Newman B. Re-interpreting the data on the cost and effectiveness of population screening for colorectal cancer in Australia. Australia and New Zealand Health Policy 2005; 2:10

Graves N, Walker D, McDonald A, Kaldor J, Ziegler J. Would universal antenatal screening for HIV infection be cost-effective in a very low prevalence setting; modelling the data for Australia? Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2004. 190: p. 166-174.

Curtis M, Graves N, Birrell F, Walker S, Henderson B, Shaw M & Whitby M.  A comparison of competing methods for the detection of surgical-site infections in patients undergoing total arthroplasty of the knee, partial and total arthroplasty of hip and femoral or other vein bypass. Journal of Hospital Infection, 2004.57:189-193.

Graves N. Economics and preventing hospital-acquired infection. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2004;10:561-566.

Graves N, Nicholls TM, Wong C, Morris AJ. The prevalence and estimates of the cumulative incidence of Hospital-Acquired Infections in patients admitted to Auckland Healthcare Hospitals, New Zealand. Infect Cont Hosp Epidemiol. 2003;24:56-61.

Graves N, Nicholls TM, Wong CG, Morris AJ. Modelling the costs of hospital-Acquired infections in New Zealand. Infect Cont Hosp Epidemiol. 2003;24:214-223.

Bramley D, Graves N, Walker DG. The cost-effectiveness of universal antenatal screening for HIV in New Zealand. AIDS. 2003;17:741-748.

Graves N, Walker DW, Raine R, Hutchings A, Roberts JA. Cost data for individual patients included in clinical studies: No amount of statistical analysis can compensate for inadequate costing methods. Health Economics. 2002;11:735-739.

Plowman RP, Graves N, Griffin MAS, et al. The rate and cost of hospital-acquired infections occurring in patients admitted to selected specialties of a district general hospital in England and the national burden imposed. J Hosp Infect. 2001;47:198-209.

Lynch L, Morrison J, Graves N, et al. The health economic implications of treatment with Quetiapine: an audit of long term treatment for patients with chronic schizophrenia. European Psychiatry. 2001;16:307-12.

Plowman RP, Graves N, Roberts JA. An economic model to assess the cost and benefits of the routine use of silver alloy coated urinary catheters to reduce the risk of urinary tract infections in catheterised patients. J Hosp Infect. 2001;48:33-42.

van Haselen R, Graves N, Dahiha S. The cost of treating rheumatoid arthritis patients with complementary medicine: exploring the issue. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 1999;7:217-221.

Plowman RP, Graves N, Roberts JA. Spreading costs.  Economic control of hospital-acquired infection. Health Services Journal. 1997;107:Supplement 7.

Graves N. What do we know about complementary medicine? What should we know? Journal of Health Services Research & Policy. 1996;1:169-70.

Ziegler JB, Graves N. The time to recommend antenatal screening for HIV has arrived (editorial). Medical Journal of Australia 2004 181: p. 124-5 (INVITED)

Graves N, Plowman R, Roberts J. Developing national evidence based guidelines for preventing healthcare associated infections. J Hosp Infect. 2001;48:320-1.

Bramley D, Graves N. Antenatal Screening for HIV. NZMJ. 2002;115:24.

Birrell F, Graves N. Non-random selection and the Attributable Cost of surgical site infection. Infect Control Hosp Epi. 2003;24:556.

Plowman RP, Roberts J, Graves N. Adverse Events in British Hospitals.  Hospital-Acquired Infections Consume Bed Days and Resources. BMJ. 2001;322:517-9.

 

Books, Book Chapters & Monographs

Graves N, Weinhold D. Complexity and the attribution of cost to hospital-acquired infection in The Economics of Infectious Diseases. Ed Roberts JA. 2006. Oxford Uni Press. (INVITED)

Graves N, The cost of hospital-acquired infection, in Unit Costs of Health and Social Care 2001, A. Netten, Editor. 2001, PSSRU, University of Kent. Canterbury. (INVITED)

Plowman RP, Graves N, Griffin M, et al., The Socio-economic burden of hospital-acquired infection. 2000, London: Public Health Laboratory Service.

Plowman RP, Graves N, Roberts JA, Hospital-Acquired Infection. 1997, London: Office of Health Economics.

Graves N, Allocating overheads costs to clinical departments in a hospital, in Costs of Health & Social Care 1996, A. Netten, Editor. 1996, PSSRU, Kent. (INVITED)

Graves N, Robertus L. Economic costs of health care associated infections in National Surveillance of Health care Associated Infection in Australia. Australian Commission for Safety and Quality in Healthcare, 2008.